A heart transplant is a surgery that entails removing a diseased heart and replacing it with a healthy one. A new and healthy heart is acquired from a willing donor, who must be declared brain dead by one or two health care officials. Getting a new heart can be problematic because there are several people in need of one. There are long waiting lists before one can make a cut. Best heart hospital in Bangalore cautiously studies their patients and devises ideal treatment choices for them. A heart transplant becomes necessary when all other modes of treatments fail.
Situations like heart attack, high blood pressure, irregular heartbeats, high blood pressure in the lungs, alcoholism, heart muscle enlargement, low red blood cell count, chronic lung disorders, and heart defects at birth can all be causes to get a heart transplant. These may not always lead to abject heart failure but damages the cycle of pumping blood effectively. Every significant surgery comes with a set of risks; however, the best heart hospital in Bangalore has managed its best to achieve adequate results and ensure patient satisfaction.
THE HEART TRANSPLANT PROCESS
A heart transplant necessarily requires a stay in the hospital and an open heart. The procedures might change depending on subjective conditions. The primary heart transplant process is described below:
1) The process begins with removing jewellery or any other significant items that may obstruct the surgery.
2) The doctors also ensure that the patients change into a hospital gown, which is sanitised and keeps the patients away from infections. It is even more breathable and accessible to work around.
3) At the onset of the procedure, a healthcare professional will start an intravenous line in your right arm to inject medicine and give IV fluids. Additionally, catheters are attached to blood vessels in the neck and wrist to monitor heart and blood pressure status and take other blood samples. Other areas of catheter attachment are the groin and under the collarbone.
4) The next step is inserting a soft and flexible tube into the bladder to drain urine.
5) Subsequently, a tube is penetrated through the mouth and nose to drain stomach fluids.
6) If there is sparse hair growth around the chest area, the doctors typically trim it. The hair might get in the way and cause complications during the surgery.
7) During the surgery, the patient is unconscious because of the anesthetic dose. Once the patient is asleep, a breathing tube is penetrated through their mouth and into their lungs. This tube, in turn, is attached to a ventilator that breathes on behalf of the person while they are unconscious.
8) Giving anaesthesia is a risky job. There are many situations where things go askew because of high levels of anesthesia. Hence, to avoid such blunders, anesthesiologists watch the patient’s heart rate and blood oxygen level during the surgery.
9) The skin over the chest is wholly wiped with an antiseptic solution. There can be no scope for dirt. If the dirt contaminates or seeps through the heart, it can be sewn back unknowingly.
10) The surgeon makes an incision down from Adam’s apple and finishes it just before the navel.
11) Next, the surgeon cuts the breastbone in half and spreads them apart to reach the heart.
12) Once the blood has ultimately diverted into the bypass machine, the doctor gently removes the diseased heart. It has to be done with the utmost precision. Many tiny vessels are surrounding the heart, which can be ruptured in haste.
13) The doctor then replaces the diseased heart with the donor’s heart and connects it to the blood vessels, ensuring a regular blood flow. Once the harmony is achieved, he/she will sew the chest back.
14) Once the heart is sewn back in, the surgeon will remove the tubes and allow the body to breathe independently; the heartbeat is restarted by shocking the heart with small paddles.
15) After completing the surgery, the surgeon will sit back and observe the human body adapting to the new heart. They also watch the heart function to ensure there are no leaks.
16) In the initial period, a pacemaker may be attached to the new heart. This only lasts until the recovery period.
Hence, a heart transplant is an intricate process and entails many steps. It is a carefully deliberated surgery that proficient healthcare experts perform. One must be wary about where they get their transplant done because an anomaly in such a crucial part of the body can have detrimental consequences.