A simplified insight into IEEEE citation format

Meta description: Know the guidelines of IEEE style of citation and referencing. Click on the link to learn how to use this citation style appropriately in your academic papers.

A glimpse into the IEEE citation format 

Are you having a tough time working with IEEE citations? Read this visual IEEE Citation Format Guide to get some clarity in this specific citation style.

What is IEEE Citation?

The IEEE reference is a standard referencing format introduced by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics engineers. It’s based on the widely acknowledged Chicago referencing style.

IEEE referencing system is used for offering credit to authors whose findings, or theories have contributed to new research.

When to use IEEE format?

This particular citation style is used extensively by students belonging to the field of engineering. Some of the branches where this citation format is used are listed down below.

  • Electronics
  • Telecommunications
  • Information technology
  • Computer science
  • Other technological fields

General format for IEEE Citation Style:

· Basic formatting:

The paper title should be centred at the top of the first page, in 24-point type.

· Abstracts:

The abstract should be written as a single paragraph within 200 words. 

· Section headings

Academic papers must be divided into primary, secondary, tertiary, and quaternary headings.

· Nomenclature section

If you decide to incorporate a Nomenclature section, include it before the Introduction section.

Example: A.E. Devonport, A General Overview of Programming Language, 5th ed. Fort Collins, TX, USA: Wentworth Publishers, 2018.

IEEE In-text Citation

IEEE involves bracketed numbers for the in-text citation. Grammatically, these numbers can either serve as a footnote or a noun, and either of the two is accurate.


As stated in [1], the city of Milan is populated entirely by working-class people, and thus…

How to create a referencing list In IEEE Style

  • Titles of journals, books, and publications of similar size are presented in title case.
  • Titles of articles, technical reports, and publications of similar size are presented in sentence case.
  • For publications with seven or more authors, use the name of the first author followed by “et al.”
  • Names of months are shortened to 3-4 letters each, i.e. Jan., Feb., Mar., Apr., etc.


  1. H. C. Howard, A Brief History of Coding, 6th ed. Kansas, TX, USA: Winfred Publishers, 2019.
  2. J. Goodman and M.L. Cole, “How AI is used in social media marketing,” Journal of Communication Inquiry, vol. 45, no. 1, pp. 10-25, Jan. 2018, DOI: 10.1177/0196859917735650.
  3. M. Kowalski. “NASA is officially sending an aerial drone to Titan.” Gizmodo. (accessed November 2019).

Citing sources in the IEEE format may seem tricky. This is why you can rely on Our experts can guide you on all the major citation styles. 


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